D oil, its side effects, and the legality of CBD oil.
Benefits of CBD oil
CBD oil is considered to provide the following benefits to users:
May help epilepsy
Extensive research has shown promising results about CBD oil and other CBD products for epilepsy patients. That being said, there is still a need for more research to fully understand the benefits and risks of using CBD oil to treat epilepsy and its symptoms. In 2018, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved a CBD based medication named Epidiolex; it is one of the only CBD products that have been approved by the FDA. Doctors prescribe this CBD based medication for treating two severe and rare forms of epilepsy, Lennox-Gastaut and Dravet syndromes.
We currently don’t know how CBD helps in the management of seizures. Still, evidence suggests that it influences the Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid (TRPV), one of the receptors involved in seizure activity. According to a review, combining CBD with traditional antiepileptic drugs may be useful for treating drug-resistant epilepsy in infants, children, and teenagers.
May reduce pain and inflammation
Researchers have been investigating the effects of CBD on pain for years. One promising sign was a recent trial to see the impact on people with peripheral neuropathy after using topical CBD oil. In the randomized, placebo-controlled trial, the participants were given a placebo or 250 mg of CBD dissolved into 3 oz. of oil. After using CBD oil for four weeks on a daily basis, the participants felt a significant reduction in sharp, intense pain and itchy, cold sensations without any side effects. The results of this trial were positive, but it was a small sample size that only included 29 participants, which is why we need more studies with a bigger magnitude to confirm these results.
According to a review, a combination of CBD and THC may be effective for treating chronic non-cancer or neuropathic pain. The researchers used an oral spray called Sativex. The oral solution was sprayed in the back of the participants’ mouths, and the follow-up period of this study was fifteen weeks. The researchers were unable to determine which of the two compounds is more effective for alleviating pain. Hopefully, more research will be carried out to confirm the long-term benefits of CBD and its effectiveness in treating pain.
CBD and THC both have anti-inflammatory properties; a study conducted with people living with rheumatoid arthritis using the same oral spray, Sativex, shows that the oral solution decreases inflammation and reduces the Disease Activity Score-28 (DAS28). Both these studies show the potential of CBD for treating different types of pain and inflammation.
May help with anxiety and depression
Several animal studies demonstrate the benefits of using CBD for treating mood disorders. An article published by Neuropsychopharmacology in 2011 reviews a study about the effects of CBD on people with anxiety triggered due to public speaking. After receiving the CBD, the participants felt less discomfort and anxiety during the public speaking stress test. Based on the results, the researchers suggest that CBD may relieve anxiety caused due to the anticipation of a stressful event. The participants also had a reduced level of negative self-evaluation during the stress test, which may be possible due to the positive effects of CBD on serotonin receptors.
There is a lack of human studies about the effects of CBD on depression, which is why we have to conduct human studies to ensure CBD works for depression. However, animal studies suggest that CBD may have a positive impact on depression due to its antidepressant and anxiolytic effects.
May help manage addiction
Evidence suggests that CBD oil may be beneficial for treating people with addiction. It suppresses the activation of the amygdala, an area of the brain involved in addiction. Particular cues are responsible for causing cravings of drugs, so by reducing the cravings during those cues, CBD may help people to stay away from addictive drugs.
This effect of CBD is highlighted in a study published by the American Journal of Psychiatry. The researchers explored CBD’s effects on anxiety and cue-induced craving for heroin and compared it with a placebo. The promising results show that those who received CBD had reduced anxiety and lower cravings, however, researchers have called for further studies and trials in order to be sure about the benefits of using CBD for treating addiction.
May treat inflammatory skin issues
Evidence suggests that certain cannabinoids possess anti-inflammatory, anti-aging, and anti-itch properties. Experts believe that these properties are enabled by an interaction between CBD and the endocannabinoid system found in our bodies. The skin conditions that CBD has the potential to treat are:
- Atopic dermatitis
- Itchy skin
According to a study conducted by the Journal of Clinical Investigation, CBD can prevent some functions of the sebaceous glands that lead to acne. Further research is required on humans to know for sure if CBD is a valuable treatment for skin damaging conditions.
It may be neuroprotective
According to studies conducted on animal models, CBD may possess neuroprotective properties that may benefit humans with neurodegenerative diseases such as:
- Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
- Multiple sclerosis (MS)
Research suggests that these neuroprotective effects of CBD are because of the anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of CBD. Sativex is legal to use in several counties, and doctors prescribe it to treat spasticity in people with MS; scientists are not yet sure how it works.
May relieve side effects of chemotherapy
According to an article published by the British Journal of Pharmacology, CBD interacts with the serotonin receptors in our body and alleviates vomiting and nausea. The article also suggests that THC is more effective than CBD when it comes to reducing vomiting and nausea. A human study published by the Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research suggests that Sativex alleviates vomiting and nausea caused by chemotherapy. Because Sativex is a CBD+THC based medication it is unclear how much contribution does CBD makes when it comes to alleviating chemotherapy-induced vomiting and nausea. Further research is required to find that out.
Side effects of CBD oil
Although the general consensuses are that CBD oil is safe to use and has no serious side effects, it still potentially causes undesirable effects on some people. It is important to note that you may not feel any of these side effects if you use CBD oil topically because it will not enter your bloodstream. Even when too much CBD oil is used, it still won’t cause life-threatening side effects because unlike opioids, it doesn’t interact with the receptors located in the brain. Instead, it interacts with cannabinoid receptors which aren’t located in the brainstem. The side effects of CBD oil may include:
- Low blood pressure
- Withdrawal symptoms, such as irritability and insomnia
How to take CBD oil
CBD oil is a versatile product which you can use in several different ways including:
Applying CBD oil on your skin
The topical application of CBD oil is considered to be the safest method of using CBD oil. In this method, you massage a few drops of CBD oil directly onto your skin. The CBD doesn’t enter your bloodstream when used topically, but may still alleviate your pain. This is perhaps the easiest way of using CBD oil as it doesn’t require any additional tools or knowledge.
Eating food prepared with CBD oil
If you are a foodie and like to try new things, then there’s good news for you; you can prepare food using CBD oil. This is definitely the most delicious way of using CBD oil and if you do know how to cook, then we highly recommend that you try this method.
Directly consuming CBD oil
This is another easy way of using CBD oil. You just put a few drops of CBD oil under your tongue using a dropper, which usually comes with CBD tincture bottles. You hold those drops in your mouth for a minute or so in your mouth and then swallow.
Inhaling CBD oil
Inhaling CBD oil is the fastest method of experiencing the effects of CBD, but the smoke or vapor may hurt your throat and lungs. In this method, you use a vape pen with CBD oil in the cartridge.
The legality of CBD oil
The legality of CBD oil and CBD products is a little complicated in the US; according to the 2018 Farm Bill rules, hemp-derived CBD with less than 0.3% THC is legal on a federal level, but states hold the authority to alter the rules. As a result, CBD is legal in most states, while some states don’t allow any kind of use of CBD. FDA hasn’t approved many CBD products. Be sure to check out your state’s rules about CBD before you start using it.
CBD oil is considered to be beneficial for several things, but before you start using it, make sure that you review the laws about CBD in your state and consult with your doctor to see if it’s right for you. Make sure that an independent lab tests the products that you buy; this way, you can be sure that you are using quality CBD oil.