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Cannabis being weighed by a lab technician to be used in CBD products.

How are CBD products made? Are they safe?

There is a high possibility that you have heard of natural CBD and all of the products that have CBD in their names. What is CBD? How are these products made? CBD is so versatile and in many different products, how can it be safe? These are great questions and we here at Nature Blend are here to answer these questions. CBD has become extremely popular in the holistic health world and for good reason, at least we think. With technology rising everywhere you look it is nice to know that it is doing work in the world of natural wellness products. This is where CBD comes in full front. There are so many new natural products that you have likely seen but, how do we know those products are safe? Of course, as a CBD company we like to think that we are experts in CBD. But, with that being said we want our customers to be experts too so that you can choose the right products for you. Let’s get the basics out first, then help you understand what a quality CBD product is.  

Where does CBD come from?  

CBD, or cannabidiol, comes from a plant family called Cannabis sativaCannabis sativa comes in a variety of different forms. All of the Cannabis sativa plants contain CBD, but they contain CBD and other chemical compounds called cannabinoids in different percentages. Take hemp for instance, hemp is a family member in the Cannabis sativa family. Hemp contains a higher percentage of CBD than other types of Cannabis sativa. Hemp contains another familiar cannabinoid called THC, or Tetrahydrocannabinol. THC is the cannabinoid that causes the ‘high’ or psychoactive effect that many are familiar with. It is important to indicate that THC and CBD are not the same thing. This is a common misconception. Another common misconception is that hemp and marijuana are the same thing. Hemp and marijuana contain all of the cannabinoids. However, hemp contains at or lower than 0.3% of the psychoactive compound THC and like we stated before high amounts of CBD. Marijuana contains high levels of THC and lower levels of CBD. Therefore, the two are different. Hemp cannot get you ‘high’ because the levels of THC are so low. Marijuana on the other hand can get users ‘high’. This distinction is important because it will help you choose the right product for you.  

How are CBD products made?  

Most CBD products are made from the hemp plant. Before they get into a product the CBD must go through a process called extraction. This means that the CBD is taken away from the hemp plant. There are several different ways to do this, but here are some of the more popular ways that we are aware of: 

  • Carbon Dioxide Extraction: Carbon dioxide can be used to extract the CBD from the plant (hemp or marijuana) by using “supercritical,” which, in simple terms, means using both carbon dioxide liquid and gas properties to remove. This is why this type of extraction is often known as Supercritical Fluid Extraction (SFE). At the start of the extraction, there are two different pressurized chambers that are used. One full of carbon dioxide, while the other holds the plant. The chamber filled with carbon dioxide is pushed into the second chamber that holds the plant, breaking down the plant and separating it from the CBD extraction. The mixture is then pushed into a third chamber where the carbon dioxide is evaporated, leaving the CBD unaccompanied. 
  • Steam Distillation: During this process, the steam separates the CBD from the plant. The plant is placed in a separate chamber while a boiler that is full of water beneath the plant. Once boiling, the steam from the water moves upward to extract the CBD oil vapors from the hemp plant. The moisture from the plant is then trapped in a chamber and added to carrier oil/water. After it is collected, the oil is extracted from the water/oil to make a CBD oil.  
  • Solvent Extraction: This process is like the steam distillation extraction method. However, in this process, they would use solvent rather than water. The solvent and CBD are combined, and then the solvent is taken away, leaving the CBD behind. There are two types of solvents that can be used: hydrocarbons and natural solvents. This is the least preferred type of extraction because it has been found to leave unwanted elements after the solvents have been extracted. These elements could be including naphtha, petroleum, butane, or propane for hydrocarbon extraction. 

These are just a few of the ways that CBD is taken from a Cannabis sativa plant. After it is taken it can be added to any type of CBD product. To ensure that your CBD product is quality make sure that the company you purchase from explains their extraction process. High quality CBD always has a list of ingredients to show that their CBD contains natural ingredients.  

Is CBD safe?  

High quality CBD will always be safe to use. Purchasing CBD from a reputable company is of high importance. Most companies will explain where their CBD comes from and how it is extracted. There are several different types of CBD as well. Some contain a small amount of THC some are 100% THC free. There are also many different CBD products that range from CBD tincture to CBD edibles. We suggest reading reviews before purchasing a product to ensure that you are getting what you want. There are many products that just do not hit a high bar of standards. We suggest speaking with a healthcare professional before taking CBD. Some CBD products may not work along with medications that you are taking. We also recommend starting with a small dose of CBD and slowly increasing it until you feel the effects you were seeking. The world of CBD is just beginning, and we think it will keep growing and we’ll know more and more about it. We hope that this article will help you start your CBD journey on the right foot.   It can even be used for CBD pain relief!