When trying anything new, it is important to understand the safety aspects of it. Safety should be of the uppermost importance to you while doing research on something new you’re trying or something that has been re-invented. So, what about cannabidiol (CBD)? How can a chemical compound found in a plant be made unsafe? The processes which CBD is extracted from its original source can happen in different ways, but if done incorrectly, the CBD could lack and not work to its full capability. Before diving into the extraction processes, let’s start with the beginning. What is CBD?
What is CBD?
CBD is one of the 113 cannabinoids found in the Cannabis sativa plants. CBD is less well known than its sister component, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). These chemical compounds are found in all of the varieties of the Cannabis sativa plant. One of these varieties is the Hemp plant. As of 2018 the hemp plant is legal to grow and sell throughout the United States. Why is this you may ask? This is because the hemp plant contains high amounts of CBD and low amounts of THC. THC is the more well-known cannabinoid because of the psychoactive component. This is the component that gets users high and is the reason that the marijuana plant is not federally legal. The marijuana plant contains high amounts of THC. The marijuana plant is legal in a handful of states for recreational as well as medicinal purposes. So, how is CBD extracted from the marijuana or the hemp plant? Read on to find out!
The Extraction Processes
The way that companies get their CBD from the Cannabis sativa plant is important because if the CBD is extracted incorrectly the quality may not be up to par. Here are some of the most popular extractions processes.
- Carbon Dioxide Extraction: Carbon dioxide is used to extract the CBD from the plant by using “supercritical” which, in simple terms means, using both carbon dioxide liquid and gas properties to extract. This is why carbon dioxide extraction is often known as Supercritical Fluid Extraction (SFE). In the beginning of the extraction, two different pressurized chambers are used. One, with the carbon dioxide, while the other contains the hemp plant. Then the chamber filled with carbon dioxide is pumped into the second chamber containing the hemp, where it breaks down the hemp plant and separates it from the CBD oil. The mixture is then pumped into a third chamber where the carbon dioxide is evaporated, leaving the CBD oil unaccompanied.
- Steam Distillation: In this process, the steam separates the CBD oil from the plant itself. The hemp is placed in a separate container while a boiler is full of water beneath the hemp. Once boiling, the steam from the water travels upward to extract the CBD oil vapors from the hemp plant. The vapor from the plant is then trapped in a tube and added to oil or water. After this is collected, the oil is extracted from the water to make an oil. This process works well but requires a lot of the hemp plant and if the steam gets too hot it may damage the CBD oil extract.
- Solvent Extraction (Hydrocarbons and Natural Solvents): This process is similar to the Steam Distillation extraction method. But, in this process one would use a type of solvent rather than water. The solvent and CBD oil are combined and then the solvent is extracted leaving the CBD behind. There are two types of solvents used: hydrocarbons and natural solvents. This is the least preferred type of extraction because it has been found to leave unwanted elements after the solvents have been extracted. These elements could be including naphtha, petroleum, butane, or propane for hydrocarbon extraction.
It is important to understand these processes so that you may choose which is right for you and therefore choosing which companies’ products will work best for you. These extraction processes should also be followed with multiple different tests to ensure quality. If the company you are purchasing from does not explain which process they use, it is likely that they are not a reliable source.
Types of CBD products
Now that you understand the process in which CBD is extracted. What products are out there for you to choose from?
Tablets: This type of CBD is very easy to use. You just place it in your mouth, let it dissolve and you are done! After being dissolved the CBD reaches the bloodstream through the mouth. This is a very quick way to get CBD into your bloodstream. Our CBD tablets come in 35 mg and 75 mg. We also provide equine tablets as well.
Tinctures: The way that a tincture gets into the bloodstream is similar to the way a tablet does. But, instead of a dissolvable tablet a tincture is an oil like substance. With the dropper, place the wanted amount of CBD into the mouth and let it sit there until dissolved. This also gets in the bloodstream quickly.
Softgels: Softgel CBD is a great way to get CBD into your routine. Our soft capsules are taken like any type of pill. Swallow and go! The capsule is full of CBD. Once it reaches the stomach through the digestive tract it breaks down and is absorbed into the bloodstream from the stomach. These take a bit longer to feel but, some have described to last a bit longer.
Edibles: Edibles and Softgels are similar but a bit different. So, instead of swallowing a capsule, edibles come in a variety of different yummy types. Like softgels, after swallowing the edible breaks down in the stomach and the CBD is absorbed from there.
Vapes: After the CBD is inhaled it is absorbed through the lungs and then on into the bloodstream. This works quickly but can have negative effects for the lungs.
The most important thing to note is that when CBD is processed safely, it may be able to enhance your health and wellness. If the CBD is made unsafely, it could be detrimental. Keep this in mind as you start your CBD journey.